Integrated Safety and Security Risk Assessment Methods: A Survey of Key Characteristics and Applications

TitleIntegrated Safety and Security Risk Assessment Methods: A Survey of Key Characteristics and Applications
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsChockalingam S., Hadziosmanović D., Pieters W., Texeira A., van Gelder P.
Conference Name11th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security (CRITIS), Paris, France
Date PublishedOctober
PublisherSpringer
Conference LocationLondon
Abstract

Over the last years, we have seen several security incidents that compromised system safety, of which some caused physical harm to people. Meanwhile, various risk assessment methods have been developed that integrate safety and security, and these could help to address the corresponding threats by implementing suitable risk treatment plans. However, an overarching overview of these methods, systematizing the characteristics of such methods, is missing. In this paper, we conduct a systematic literature review, and identify 7 integrated safety and security risk assessment methods. We analyze these methods based on 5 different criteria, and identify key characteristics and applications. A key outcome is the distinction between sequential and non-sequential integration of safety and security, related to the order in which safety and security risks are assessed. This study provides a basis for developing more effective integrated safety and security risk assessment methods in the future.